The Northern Fleet, with the support of the Russian Geographical Society, has begun preparations for a comprehensive expedition to the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago.
«The largest in terms of area and extent of the archipelago of the Russian Arctic - the New Earth - was always perceived as a gateway to the polar regions. As the eminent scientist and researcher Rudolf Samoilovich said, the New Earth - the Gibraltar of our Arctic», - the commander of the Northern Fleet, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, says.
For a detailed study of high latitudes, the history of development of which is rich in bright and dramatic pages, a scientific group was formed on the Northern Fleet, which studied and summarized a number of historical documents. The materials obtained will be the subject of a study of a complex expedition. Its preparation and conduct will be provided, including by the forces of the Center of the Russian Geographical Society, established in the Northern Fleet. Similar centers are now being open in the other Russian fleets, for more details about this, see our nearest news.
The New Earth is located in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara Seas and being a part of the Arkhangelsk region. The length from the south-west to the northeast is about 928 km. The archipelago consists of two large islands - the Northern and Southern, separated by the narrow strait Matochkin Shar and a number of relatively small islands. The north-eastern extremity of the North Island - Cape Flissingskiy - the easternmost point of Europe.
One of the main subjects of the project – is formation of citizenship and patriotism among servicemen on the examples of exploits of Russian polar explorers of Novaya Zemlya: Rozmyslov, Pakhtusov, Tsivolka, Moiseev, Rusanov, Sedov. «Among the people whose biographies are somehow connected with the New Earth, we see military seamen, scientists of different branches of science, people of art and patrons, polar pilots and captains, - the admiral tells. - Unfortunately, in the modern world, the names of these heroes are not on hearing. During the complex expedition we will try to tell and tell the navy servicemen and Russians what and, most importantly, whose efforts Russia has grown in the Arctic».
It is planned to conduct research in several areas. The study of routes and areas of work of pioneers on the New Earth; the definition of the deployment of military units and units, the search for places of fighting and military graves; the study of possible locations and locations of field airfields are among them.
The tasks of the expedition are not designed for one year. The largest project activities this season will be raids on the routes of the first intersections of the Southern and Northern islands of the archipelago. Also in 2018, it is planned to search for and transfer to the museums of the Northern Fleet weapons and military equipment from the times of the Great Patriotic War.
By the way, in 2018 the 285th anniversary of the Northern Fleet is celebrated, the 135th anniversary of the first crossing of the Southern Island of Novaya Zemlya and a number of other dates related to the achievements of the Arctic Circle. «We did not seek to specifically schedule the expedition to any events, it turned out during the preparation of materials and it is symbolic, - the admiral notes. - Novaya Zemlya – it is really interesting! See: the first information about it dates back to the XV century, the time of appearance on the map is 1594, the first topographic survey is in 1768, the first geographical description is in 1788. In addition, the first in the Arctic meteorology, the first polar station, the first flight of an airplane, the work of an icebreaker, radio communications - all this is New Earth! Reviving the history of the development of this territory, we are also solving the tasks of strengthening the defense capability of our state!».