Folk Costumes

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Photo by Maxim Tolstoy
Photo by Maxim Tolstoy

Clothing is one of the most vivid and noticeable phenomena of ethnic culture. Since ancient times, craftsmen have invested in their costumes all their skills, dexterity and imagination, combining various types of decorative art. Mistresses processed linen, hemp and wool, spun, weaved, knit and felled. Fine embroidery, beading, jewelry with precious stones and coins, the finest lace and bright fabrics … so many different elements you can find looking at traditional dresses!

People who live in the neighborhood can have similar languages, cuisine, houses, facilities. But the costumes of one people often vary from village to village, from district to district. Colors, ways of wearing, hats, ornaments and patterns can vary greatly. Sometimes from a separate subject, its ornament or name it is possible to learn about the ancient ties between peoples. Clothes not only warmed and showed the social status of the owner, but also served as a defense against evil spirits and witchcraft.

At the Festival of the Russian Geographical Society, viewers saw the beauty of the costumes of the peoples of Russia. Traditional Russian, Dagestani, Bashkir, Adygei clothes, suits of Tuvinians, Ugrians, Khakas and Koryaks were represented.

Especially for the guests of the ethnographic festival worked an interactive self-zone.


All the peoples of Russia had a special attitude to headdresses. It is "hat" - the symbol of the head of the family, an indicator of his independence, the main attribute of an adult man, his honor and dignity. And looking at the woman's headdress, you can determine from what area its owner is, how old she is, her social and marital status. All the visitors of the Festival could "try on"  folk hats and make an unusual portrait of the memory.